To make the landscape ponds are often created that give the surrounding landscape more harmony and creates a natural part of nature. For ponds artificial bridges are made that give the landscape a holistic view. Bridges are good decorative element of landscape architecture and if they have the right proportions and aesthetic appearance, the landscape is changing significantly.
The basic principles in the construction of ornamental bridges.
Passageway through the water is raised most often in the very narrow and shallow pond, it is done to ensure the greater security of travelers in the garden. The bridge should not be wider than the path leading to them. The bridge is rarely exceeds 2-3 m, so that the support of the pillars is not required. On the shores of bridge, bearing should always be based on a solid foundation: it will make the construction of a sufficiently reliable. It is not always necessary, but rather an important element of the bridge is it’s railing. They are installed in the case if this is necessary, both in terms of aesthetics and in terms of security, then by necessity. Convenient and secure handrails should be 90-100 cm in height and must be securely fastened; they may be made of wood, stone, metal or thick rope.
Materials for Bridges
Wood: If the bridge is made of wood, then you should choose only the best wood for it to be durable, resistant to stress and moisture resistant. For making landscape bridges are often used the following tree species: larch, oak, Bangkirai and Lapacho. During the construction of a bridge made of wood, it’s worth paying attention to very important moments. On the steps of the bridge, it has to be a corrugated surface, in order to avoid falling on the wet wood. Just have to withstand a 10-15 millimeter gaps between the boards so that water does not stagnate, and easily flowed down. Boards must be fastened with screws or bolts made of stainless steel with a diameter of 5 mm and a length corresponding to the thickness of connected elements.